INVESTIGATION OF THE COMPOSITION OF LIQUID MIXTURES FOR SMOKING. DETERMINATION OF SYNTHETIC CANNABINOIDS AND α-PVP
Ключові слова:synthetic cannabinoids, α-PVP, liquid mixtures for smoking, vape, glycerin, propylene glycol, chromato-mass spectroscopy, gas-liquid chromatography
The purpose of the article is to highlight the possibility of quantitative identification of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their analogues in the context of studying the composition of liquid mixtures for smoking (vapes), to propose a method. Methodology. A set of general scientific and special methods was used to achieve this goal. In particular, using theoretical methods (analysis, generalization, comparison, modeling), systematized theoretical materials on the problems to be solved; the state of practical elaboration of the problem is empirically determined; organizational and experimental means (diagnostic, ascertaining, formative, corrective experiment) in combination with qualitative analysis and mathematical processing of the obtained results confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed method. The reliability of the results is ensured by the use of modern instrumental physicochemical, mathematical, statistical methods of analysis, as well as software processing of experimental data. Scientific novelty. The composition of liquid mixtures for smoking was determined using physicochemical methods of research, for the first time the possibility of quantitative identification of synthetic cannabinoids and α-PVP in the composition of vapes was proved. Conclusions. The composition of liquid mixtures for smoking (vapes) was determined and the possibility of quantitative identification of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their analogues using various instrumental methods based on modern scientific research, in particular the content of synthetic cannabinoids and α-PVP in liquid mixtures for smoking by thin-layer, gas chromatography and using mass spectrometry. The effectiveness of current methods of researching synthetic cannabinoids was tested on specific examples and a contribution was made to the future development of methods for studying the composition of drug-containing liquid mixtures for smoking and those containing psychotropic substances, the demand for which is currently growing on the world market and in Ukraine. A method for isolating synthetic cannabinoids and α-PVP from a solution of smoking mixtures has been developed. The general approaches to the choice of the scheme of research of synthetic narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances depending on the questions, form (liquid), type and quantity of the objects submitted for research are offered.